NDT 200 - Neurological Disorders
This course provides detailed information about the neurological examination and specific neurological diseases processes relevant to the field of Neurodiagnostics. Students will gain knowledge of specific neurological disease processes such as: epilepsy and seizures, epileptic syndromes, cerebrovascular diseases, dementia, syncope, coma, congenital and developmental disorders, CNS infections,
psychiatric and psychological disorders, movement disorders and headache. Several sessions will focus on related anatomy and pathology to correlate clinical findings and Neurodiagnostic test results.
Students must achieve a "C" or better in each NDT course within the Neurodiagnostic Technology Program in order to progress sequentially to the next course.
Upon successful completion of this course, students should be able to:
Understand the key components of the neurological exam and how these findings are relevant to electroencephalogram (EEG) findings.
Define the various levels of consciousness and clinical signs associated with impaired consciousness and coma. Understand the anatomic structures required to maintain consciousness.
Explain the basic terms used to describe seizures and the difference between seizures and epilepsy.
Describe specific types of seizures, their clinical signs, EEG, treatment options and classification.
Differentiate between ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke; identify possible clinical symptoms by location of event, and identify the major blood vessels supplying the brain and the regions of the brain they affect.
Identify symptoms associated with the various dementia and delirium and the EEG findings associated with dementia and delirium.
List the symptoms associated with Central Nervous System (CNS) infections.
Understand psychiatric and psychological disorders in the field of Neurodiagnostic Technology.
Understand the basics of brain imaging techniques and how they relate to neurodiagnostic findings.
Describe the most common movement disorders and their treatment.
Define the different types of headaches and their treatment.
Understand the terms used to refer to different types of nerve injury and distinguish the difference between axonal and demyelinating neuropathies. Determine the different effects that an axonal and a demyelinating neuropathy will have on nerve conduction studies.
Describe the different types of muscle disease and how the Electromyography (EMG) can be used to diagnose them.
Recognize the different types of autonomic disorders and the tests used to diagnose them.
Identify the different symptoms associated with imbalance and the diagnostic approach to dizziness.
Discuss the possible causes, diagnosis, and treatment of multiple sclerosis.
Explain the basic principles behind using ultrasound to image vessels and the basic principles behind transcranial Doppler.
Understand the neuroanatomy of pain and the treatments for pain.
Describe the most frequent syndromes associated with spinal cord injury.
Lecture Hours: 3
Course Prerequisites: NDT 105 with grade C or better Coreq. NDT 201