NDT 102 - Neuroanatomy and Physiology of the Nervous System
This course is designed to orient students to the anatomy and physiology of the nervous system. The focus of the course will be on the structure and function of the nervous system in relation to the performance of neurodiagnostic technology testing. Students will become familiar with the proper use of neuroanatomical terminology and the level of Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology necessary to perform NDT testing. In addition, functional impairment resulting from disease or injury of sensory, motor, and cognitive structures of the brain will be introduced.
Upon successful completion of this course, students should be able to:
Understand and properly use neuroanatomical terminology.
Describe embryological development of the nervous system.
List the structures and functions of various neural cells in relationship to impulse propagation.
Describe EEG generation.
Identify the four lobes of the brain and the neuroanatomical landmarks that define their boundaries.
Discuss the localization and clinical significance of eloquent cortex in each of the four lobes of the human brain.
Sketch and label the major arteries supplying blood to the brain and spinal cord.
Describe the organization of gray matter and white matter.
Identify the ventricles of the brain and discuss the function of cerebrospinal fluid.
Describe the organization of the major ascending and descending tracts of the brain and spinal cord, including neural systems for pain and temperature sensation, touch and pressure sensation, motor control, and vision.
Describe the location and function of the major neuroanatomical structures involved in motor and sensory processing.
Identify the 31 pairs of spinal nerves and understand a reflex arc pathway.
Discuss the relationship between the blood brain barrier and pharmacology.
Identify the cranial nerves by name and number and list the major functions associated with each.
Discuss the functional impairments resulting from injury or disease associated with major sensory and motor structures in the forebrain, hindbrain and spinal cord.
Discuss the functional impairments resulting from injury or disease associated with major cognitive systems in the forebrain and hindbrain.
Lecture Hours: 3
Course Prerequisites: NDT 100, NDT 101, BIO 150 all with grade C or betterCoreq: NDT 103