HIS 200 - Civil War and Reconstruction

Course Description

This course encompasses the critical period of American history from 1850 to 1877. It examines the political, social, diplomatic and economic aspects of the Antebellum, Civil War and Reconstruction periods. It also emphasizes the military and naval activities of the time. Upon successful completion of this course, students should be able to: Describe the major causes of the Civil War. Relate the elements of the Compromise of 1850 and their importance to the preservation of the Union. Enumerate the events of the 1850s that had an effect on the Civil War. Evaluate the actions of Lincoln and the southern authorities in relation to the attack on Fort Sumter. Compare the various resources of the North and the South and show why the war lasted four years. Compare the governmental systems of the United States and the Confederate States for weaknesses and strengths. Detail Union and Confederate strategies for successfully concluding the war for each side. Relate the importance of the major military and naval operations of the war and determine the reasons for their successes or failures. Describe civilian life during the war in the North and the South. Evaluate the contributions of important civilian, military and naval personnel to the war efforts of each side. Identify and explain the importance of certain battles, diplomatic endeavors and legislation upon the war and its prologue and aftermath. Cite and explain the major issues in the elections of 1852, 1856, 1860, 1864, 1868, 1872 and 1876. Relate the events leading up to the Compromise of 1877, the details of the compromise and its effects. Explain the significance of the "Reconstruction Amendments." Evaluate the successes and failures of Reconstruction with special emphasis upon their significance in the 20th century. Explain the relationship of the Radical Republican Congress to the president and the Supreme Court and show how this Constitutional crisis was resolved.

Credit Hours: 3
Lecture Hours: 3


Course Prerequisites: Prereq: ENG 050 and REA 050